Good eye contact can turn an interesting photo into an arresting photo. People say the eyes are a window to the soul, and I tend to agree. So much emotion is carried in the eyes — sadness, anger, surprise, distrust, joy. To capture these emotions, ask your subject to think about a particular time they felt X, or start talking to them and engage them in conversation. You never know what your subject might do!
Depth Of Field or Props
We recently talked about depth of field as it applies to objects, but have you considered using it for portraits? You subject doesn’t even have to be in focus to make the portrait interesting! Take this photo for example. The guy pictured surprised me as I exited a tourist attraction with his stuffed wolf, fur hat, and missing teeth, but he surprised me even more when he flipped a switch under the wolf’s tail and his eyes lit up! I paid the man $2 to take his photo with the dog and endeavored to get them both in the photo. The face he gave me was perfect and full of humorous pride. The man didn’t know I was taking his photo but rather thought I was taking a photo of the dog which was fine — I wanted both. I could have photographed the man by himself, but including the dog added something to the story, it told his story, and it brought out something special in the man’s personality. So use depth of field, use props, put the real subject out of focus, and tell a story with your photo.
Finding Individuals in Groups
Group shots can be weird and hard to take. People usually get lost in group photos — someone is hidden behind tall people in the back, nothing more than a hand testifying to their existence. Others are crouched down in front of the group, cut off just above the collar bone, while some have faces so small that it’s hard to make out who they are. Now, if your goal is to get as many of your 50 family members in the photo as possible, go ahead, but if your goal is to really photograph people in a group, you will need to find their individuality. Catch your subjects off guard, get them talking to each other, have them hold props, tell them to sit naturally, or photograph them candidly in their natural environment. I love this photo because every lady in it is different — bold and confident, curious and hesitant, shy but interested, hidden and mysterious. I let these women all sit as they wished and show as much as they wanted. The one in red was actually obstructed and leaned back to get in the photo. When I look at this photo, I see four unique individuals and not one person multiplied by four, that’s how I know the picture is a success.
Using the Center
I said it before: the center is a special place to be used for special reasons. There are many ways to compose a photo, including the rule of thirds, but when you really want to make a statement, use the middle. Placing your subject front and center, is an effective way to grab someone’s attention and focus the viewer on your subject and your subject alone. It doesn’t matter that there are two girls cut off on the sides of this photo; I hardly even notice. All I can see is the girl in the middle, framed by a chain link fence, hugging her ball. The center, when used right, can really can really add something to your photo but don’t use it for every photo or else you’ll lose the magic.
A New Perspective
Try taking your portrait from a different angle such as looking up, down, in a line, over the shoulder, between their feet, or with hair in their face. A unique perspective will catch people’s attention and can really add something to the photo such as this one of a sailor. Looking up, we get to see his muscular arms, his beard, his face, his smile. We can see he’s been working but he’s also taken a moment to enjoy himself. Because I used a different perspective, I was able to capture a story and the viewer can know something about the man (i.e., If you couldn’t see the rope in his hand or the mast in the background, would you know he was a sailor?).
Bonus tip: every portrait should tell a story. It should say something about the person (their personality, hobby, job, interests, history, feelings) and give you reason to look longer.
This week, your task is to take a photo of a person and use one of the four tips included here to produce a moving portrait. If you don’t wish to post a photo of a person for privacy reasons, try making the photo a silhouette instead (achieved with a light source behind your subject) or photograph a pet (yep, animals can have portraits too!). Then come back and post your photo in the comments.
If you are new to Persephone, check out our photo group, Picture This!, where you can read comments, connect with other photographers, ask questions, share tips, and brag about your favorite photos! To post photos in the comments, you can use the photo uploader or copy and paste images into the comment section. What you may not know is that when you create an account with Google, you are also creating an account with Picasa Web Albums. To access it, click “photos” on the bar at the top of your screen while in Gmail or if you’re not a Gmail user, go to Google, click on the more tab at the top, select “Photos” and create an account (or just click on the link above). Follow the instructions to upload a photo. When you are done, open the photo and right click to copy it. Then come back to the comments and paste it. Easy-peasy. Let me know if you have trouble with this and I’ll help. Send me a personal message.
Also, to find the Picture This column later in the week, use the category drop down menu on the home page (right side bar) to select “Photography” and you’ll get all the Picture This articles.
Good luck everyone and I can’t wait to see your photos!