Outlander, Diana Gabaldon’s Abusive Romance, May Come To TV

Bryn DonovanBooks13 Comments

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TW for spousal abuse and rape; spoilers abound.

Diana Gabaldon’s super-popular time travel romance from 1991, Outlander, may be coming to cable TV. Fans are speculating who will play Jamie Fraser, frequently mentioning Chris Hemsworth. Ms. Gabaldon writes on her blog, “I’m sure Mr. H. is a very fine actor, but I really don’t like widow’s peaks on men.” Hey, we all have our quirks. Some of us don’t like the hero to have a widow’s peak. And some of us don’t like the hero to beat the heroine.

Cover of Outlander by Diana GabaldonYep, that happens in Outlander. It seems like a really good book–Gabaldon is a talented writer, no question–until our heroine, Claire Randall, tries to escape 1743 Scotland in order to get back to her own time. When she ditches the Scottish clan she’s hanging out with to get back to the magic stones that worked as a portal, she gets herself and the Scotsmen into some trouble. Jamie Fraser, the new husband she didn’t ask for, and who unfortunately the reader has probably fallen for by that point, decides he has to punish her for this.

Claire says he can’t beat her. Jamie says, “Did I want to break your arm, or feed ye naught but bread and water, or lock ye in a closet for days–and think ye don’t tempt me, either–I could do that…”

You’re swooning, aren’t you? I’ll give you a moment.

She says she’ll scream, he basically says, “Ha, ha, you sure will,” and he reaches for a belt. When Claire accuses him of being a sadist, he thinks that’s funny, too. “I said I would have to punish you. I did not say I wasna going to enjoy it.” This ends with Claire, as she describes it, “Half smothered in the greasy quilts with a knee in my back, being beaten within an inch of my life.”

Gabaldon is fond of telling people of Outlander: “Pick it up, open it anywhere, and read three pages.  If you can put it down again, I’ll pay you a dollar.” If I’d opened to these pages first, I would have gotten that money, and judging from some other readers’ reviews, I’m not the only one.

Fans dismiss Jamie’s beating of Claire by saying, “It was a different time.” This is a pitiful defense. Human behavior being as variable as it is, it’s a safe bet that some husbands in 1743 Scotland did not beat their wives. Moreover, Outlander is a contemporary novel, and the readers bring more enlightened expectations to the story. Few contemporary romance readers finish a romance about Vikings or medieval knights and think, “That was so unrealistic how the hero never hit the heroine.”

Sadly, some readers opine that Claire deserved it. “I thought it…appropriate since she had endangered everyone and was careless,” says one reader on a forum. Another adds that her ex-husband used to beat her and it was way worse than this scene.

A skillful storyteller can convince the reader of the inevitability of the plot, but the fact remains that Jamie beats Claire because Gabaldon thought it was a good way to develop their love story. The next day, Claire is too sore to sit on a horse–ha, ha! Jamie tells her about all the beatings he got when he was a kid, which is supposed to make his beating her okay. Yeah, I don’t get it either. This conversation ends with Claire saying, for the first time ever,

“Oh, Jamie, I do love you!”

Jamie laughs and laughs, saying how funny it is that she didn’t care about all the good and heroic things he did for her, but when he beat her “half to death” then she says she loves him. Women!

Later Jamie asks Claire, “…Can ye understand, maybe, why I thought it needful to beat you?” She does. Ugh. She adds, “What I can’t forgive…is that you enjoyed it!”

Jamie laughs and laughs again. His beating Claire is the occasion for a great deal of hilarity. “Enjoyed it!…you don’t know how much I enjoyed it.”

Our hero says he deserves credit for not having sex with her right after he beat her, even though he really wanted to. Claire gets angry again, and says, “And if you think you deserve applause for nobly refraining from committing rape on top of assault!”

That is, of course, exactly what Jamie thinks. But at the end of the chapter he promises not to do it again. Flipping through the book today, I notice that Jamie says not long after that he regrets promising not to beat her.

Judging from the Wikipedia summary, one perilous thing after another happens to them in the rest of the book, giving Jamie ample opportunities to be noble, and to get abused himself. Gabaldon seems to love writing about rape. Jamie saves Claire from almost being raped before the beating scene, and apparently she almost gets raped again later, except Jamie says the villain can rape him instead. The villain, being a depraved bisexual, agrees. It sounds as though consent between Jamie and Claire is by no means clear, with some readers characterizing a couple of the sex scenes as rape.

Why do so many people love Jamie Fraser? I’m not sure. Maybe they feel bad for what happens to him later. Maybe his abuse of Claire arouses people who like S&M, even though the scene in the book is nothing like consensual sex play. People can get turned on by fantasy scenarios they would never want to experience in real life. Maybe it’s the Twilight effect: you get a lot of readers who have never read any other escapist romance or fantasy, so they’re like teenagers getting drunk on crappy beer.

I really hope Outlander never gets produced as a series, but if it does, Mr. Hemsworth will not be the star, because he’s too famous. Thank God: it would make me sad to have the guy who played the good-hearted Thor also play a wife-beating hero.

The Wikipedia entry about Outlander claims Jamie doesn’t beat Claire “in a malicious manner.” This is a striking example of a reader imposing her own wishes over the text. We saw a similar thing happen with The Hunger Games when many white readers believed the character Rue, described as having, “Dark brown skin and eyes,” was white. This phenomenon seems to happen when the story doesn’t stick to the reader’s expectations. An innocent little girl must be white. A man who is usually kind must not be an abuser. It’s sad to see such beliefs brought to books, and even sadder to know they are also used to interpret real life.

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Bryn Donovan

Romance writer, poet, quilter, and dog cuddler.
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Bryn DonovanOutlander, Diana Gabaldon’s Abusive Romance, May Come To TV

13 Comments on “Outlander, Diana Gabaldon’s Abusive Romance, May Come To TV”

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  1. Avatar of alais
    alais

    I was so happy to read this review of The Outlander. A friend of mine highly recommended the book to me and lent me her copy after which I went on holidays with said book as my holiday read, confident in my friend’s recommendation. She told me that it was a bit dry but picks up 200-250 pages in (first sex scene was around page 250, as I later found out:D). So, I dig in and the writing wasn’t terrible though I detected hints of sexism in her first relationship but assumed that he ended up being the betraying husband and that the protag would end up seeing that he was not the loving partner she thought him to be. The first sex scene was hot, though I didn’t realize it was going to be one of “those” books. I kept reading, but really balked at the beating and the flawed logic and apparent dismissiveness of this initially strong-seeming protagonist. I kept going for a bit longer out of sheer stubbornness and was less and less impressed when he essentially rapes and again her sexist perception (which is what I find the most disturbing thing about it all. One might expect a man from that time to be a douche but one does not expect the protag to take it and excuse him–even use it to bond with him!). Also, I noticed that bad things keep happening to Jamie–accident after injury, after heroic opportunities in which he puts his own life in peril for others–as though the author is saying, “Yeah, he gets off on beating and raping women but look he’s hurt again, poor guy!”. The last straw for me was when he reunites with his sister and begins–in front of the sister’s little son whom Jamie calls a bastard–to hurl misogynistic insults at her for being raped and having a child by it. And it goes on and on! And then they kiss and make up and everyone thinks this is normal, making jokes about it! That was it for me. Simply too offensive.

  2. Avatar of Linotte Melodieuse
    Linotte Melodieuse

    I have the first book–which I have yet to read–but I’m kind of intimidated because there are so many books in the series. It’s like the bad romance series that never ends.

    I do agree with you on the use of sexual violence to move along plot. The Angelique series was a lot like this–I saw the movies to decide whether or not to read the books–and while yes, it is good to show that it was a reality for many women of the time, it does get to a point that it seems gratuitous and it’s a very lazy way to move a plot along. Plus I really gives romance novels with endlessly suffering heroines a lot of side eye.

    1. Avatar of QoB
      QoB

      I’d recommend you give it a try and see how you like it. It’s more historical fiction with a strong romance rather than ‘historical romance’, if that makes sense. And as heroines go, Claire is anything but a suffering victim.

      1. Avatar of Linotte Melodieuse
        Linotte Melodieuse

        Oh, I will at least give the first book a try. Also Sara Donati gave one of Gabaldon’s characters a cameo in her Last of the Mohicans continuation, so it is definitely worth exploring.

  3. Avatar of QoB
    QoB

    Chris Hemsworth would be a terrible Jamie.

    When I read Outlander that scene made me terribly uncomfortable. I was horrified. But I can also see Gabaldon’s reasons for including it – it really brings home to you as a reader that this is not just a different place with different clothes (which a lot of historical romance does, and no argument here, I’m a fan of the genre). It’s a whole different ball game, and it’s fascinating as a reader to see how that plays out between two people who have happened to love each other but are working according to very different worldviews.

    “Gabaldon seems to love writing about rape.”

    This is unfair, I think. Should writers – especially writers of historical fiction – not write about sexual violence: how prevalent it was (still is!), how messed up it was, how it affected people? I’m not sure you’ve read any of the later books in the series, but Gabaldon does make it clear how sexual violence affects her characters in the short-term and long-term.

    1. Avatar of Bryn Donovan
      Bryn Donovan

      One could argue that in many contemporary abusive relationships, people love each other but have very different worldviews.

      I stand by my assertion that that’s a ridiculous amount of rape and almost-rape for one book, even a long one. Girl With a Dragon Tattoo had less rape, and abuse of women was the main subject.

      1. Avatar of QoB
        QoB

        “One could argue that in many contemporary abusive relationships, people love each other but have very different worldviews.”

        I think that’s a bit of an oversimplification…!

        What would be an acceptable amount of sexual violence per book?
        The important thing is how it’s handled and how it’s integrated into the story. Of course if a reader finds reading about sexual violence uncomfortable that’s their right not to read any further, but I don’t think we can say that there is such a thing as a ‘ridiculous amount’ per se, out of context with the rest of the story and the writing.

        1. Avatar of alais
          alais

          I will admit to having read the first of those juicy Anne Rice SandM novels, so you can see that I have no problem with violent sex. The difference between the violence sex in an SandM setting and this one is that there are boundaries that are agreed on ahead of time and the participants are playing roles whereas in The Outlander as in an abusive relationships the boundaries are unclear and there is no “out” of the abusive dynamic.

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