Matt Hall, MBChB (Leicester General Hospital and the University of Leicester, United Kingdom) and his co-researchers have recently completed a study which may allow doctors to predict pre-eclampsia with an early urine test.
The study, which was presented on November 19th of this year, looked at 145 patients with high-risk pregnancies. Of the participants, 11 developed pre-eclampsia between the 31st and 40th weeks of pregnancy. Results of urine tests done on the women at 20 weeks gestation identified a string of five proteins which predicted the likelihood of pre-eclampsia with 92% accuracy.
Pre-eclampsia is a condition which affects up to five percent of all pregnancies, and is a dangerous condition for both the mother and unborn child. Pre-eclampsia causes high blood pressure and protein in the mother’s urine, and can lead to long term kidney, liver and neurological disorders.