What Is G8

agenda Emmanuel Macron is this year’s host and wants the meeting to focus on fighting inequality and protecting biodiversity and climate. REUTERS – Leaders from the Group of Eight top industrial nations will meet in the French seaside town of Deauville on May 26 and 27 for an annual summit. Discussions will cover unrest in North Africa and nuclear safety, as well as the race to name a new IMF head. The final definition of the post-2015 set of development goals and targets – hopefully along with a dedicated and capable UN machinery to drive forward national policy dialogue around the goal set and energised, effective global, national and local monitoring.


However, President Donald Trump postponed the summit indefinitely due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Russia has been indefinitely suspended from the group of countries known as the G8, a consortium of eight of the world’s largest national economies. Our systems have detected unusual traffic activity from your network. Please complete this reCAPTCHA to demonstrate that it’s you making the requests and not a robot.

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So, a group of government officials decided to meet and figure things out. Members are Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. In addition, the presidents of the European Council and the European Commission represent the EU at G-7 summits. The G8 accountability report is an important document, as it reviews delivery against summit commitment. Back in 2009 member countries committed to doing one every year to promote transparency, public debate and awareness about what it has done for development and poverty reduction. It’s unusual in that it is a G8 self-assessment – this is the second one to attempt a comprehensive coverage of the whole range of commitments and actions (the first being in 2010; those from 2011 and 2012 were more selective).


While this global health crisis continues to evolve, it can be useful to look to past pandemics to better understand how to respond today. A year after Russia’s invasion, Ukraine is suffering a catastrophic humanitarian crisis. The outflow of millions of refugees has placed a strain on neighboring countries.

Russia eventually joined in 1998 — and its inclusion was meant as a signal of cooperation between East and West after the Soviet Union’s collapse in 1991. Other observers note, however, that the G8 is instrumental in addressing a wide range of international issues, from economic activity and global warming to sex trafficking and terrorism. Its members represent 85 percent of global economic output, and it’s a little less exclusive than the G-7. The members are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, France, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union. This was when commitments to Africa were pledged by G8 leaders under Britain’s presidency. In October 2001, senior representative of G8 Justice and Home Affairs Ministries met in Rome to discuss steps for the G8 to take to combat international terrorism and decided to combine the G8’s Lyon Group and the G8’s Roma Group .

Its official focus was on fighting income and gender inequality and protecting biodiversity. French President Emmanuel Macron also used the Summit to promote Europe as a global leader on several issues. The last time the U.S. hosted the event was in 2012, when President Barack Obama held it at Camp David. The United States was scheduled to host the G7 summit in June 2020.

Agriculture and rural development

The idea of a group of 20 unfolded out in a G7 as a comeback to the Asian financial crises in the late 90s. G20 consists of major economies of the world as well as the G7 members. The Commission on Macroeconomics and Health estimates assume that developing countries have functioning health care systems. However, in many countries, the more immediate problem is how to avoid collapse of existing health infrastructure because of such factors as constraints on government expenditure, the impact of HIV/AIDS and the emigration of health professionals (see e.g. Sanders, Dovlo, Meeus, & Lehmann, 2003) . To the extent that available data permit the calculation of trends, this proportion was stable or even declined during the 1990s , albeit with wide variations between years and countries.4Declining child vaccination coverage in all developing areas during the 1990s may illustrate the consequences.

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  • Together, the G7 countries represent 40% of global GDP and 10% of the world’s population.
  • Other critics argue that the exclusivity of the group results in a focus on the needs of industrial at the expense of developing countries.
  • The G6 consisted of France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK, and America.
  • “The G8 no longer accommodates the world’s biggest or most dynamic economies; the G8 no longer accounts for all the world’s nuclear weapons; the G8 doesn’t speak for any particular identity or values—with Russia in the fold, it’s hardly a champion of democracy,” Time’s Ishaan Tharoor wrote in 2011.

After the oil in 1975 and the collapse of the exchange rate system, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy and the United States first set up a network of five countries to meet informally to discuss purely financial policy issues. Until the 1980s, these were also the largest economies in the world. The absence of emerging markets in the G8—particularly China and India, given their economic heft—is notable. China and India belong to the G20, a forum of finance ministers and central bank governors focused on managing the global economy .

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The oil crises and the collapse of Bretton Woods fixed exchange rates had the entire world at a threshold. Description Luxrite 2W 120V G8 LED Bi-Pin Warm White 2700K Light BulbThe Luxrite G8 LED light bulb uses only 2 watts and has a light… Unfortunately, the G8 missed a critical opportunity to avert the 2008 global economic recession. They refused to agree to a code of conduct for hedge funds, which are located primarily in the United States and the United Kingdom. They recognized that it was needed but didn’t have the political will to follow through.


Has gradually been included in all political discussions on the agenda despite not having official member status. The group includes the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Canada, Japan, France and Italy. Together, the G7 countries represent 40% of global GDP and 10% of the world’s population. The G7 is an informal bloc and takes no mandatory decisions, so the leaders’ declarations at the end of the summit are not binding. Russia now joins a number of other global economic powerhouses that are not included in the G8. Critics, however, are quick to accuse the G8 of being a Western-centric anachronism that doesn’t reflect the reality of today’s global economy.

Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Merkel got the United States to agree to “seriously consider” cutting greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2050. Chancellor Merkel’s leadership on this issue seemed to indicate that the EU was becoming more of a global leader than the United States.

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The Y8 Summit was organized annually by a global network of youth-led organizations called The IDEA . The organizations undertake the selection processes for their respective national delegations, while the hosting country is responsible for organizing the summit. An example of such a youth-led organization is the Young European Leadership association, which recruits and sends EU Delegates. In June 2005, justice ministers and interior ministers from the G8 countries agreed to launch an international database on pedophiles. The G8 officials also agreed to pool data on terrorism, subject to restrictions by privacy and security laws in individual countries.

The Organization of American States is an important forum for regional diplomacy and has become more assertive in promoting the rule of law, human rights, and fair elections as some states face domestic upheaval. Vladimir Putin did not attend the 2012 G8 summit at Camp David, causing Foreign Policy magazine to remark that the summit has generally outlived its usefulness as a viable international gathering of foreign leaders. Two years later, Russia was suspended from the G8, then chose to leave permanently in January 2017. One type of criticism is that members of G8 do not do enough to help global problems, due to strict patent policy and other issues related to globalization. In Unraveling Global Apartheid, political analyst Titus Alexander described the G7, as it was in 1996, as the ‘cabinet’ of global minority rule, with a coordinating role in world affairs.

EU support for forestry through rural development funds, the Forest Action Plan and innovation in forestry. It comprises the current, immediate past, and the upcoming hosting country. During the Turkey summit, the members of the Troika were Turkey, Australia, and China. The nation conducting the presidentship is in charge of holding and arranging the yearly summit.

The political direction set by these leaders on a policy issue will have a “ripple” effect across many other international organisations and institutions. Each year, the presidency of the G8 shifts to another leader, in a particular order (Germany, then Japan, then Italy, etc.). The president plans and hosts a series of meetings, including the annual G8 summit that occurs mid-year at a site in the host country. The G8, or Group of Eight, is a slightly outdated name for the annual meeting of the top global economic powers.

The decline in Africa is particularly troubling since almost 50 percent of African children are now not adequately vaccinated (Simms, Rowson, & Peattie, 2001; UNICEF, 2001, p. 89; WHO, 2002b). The resulting “medical poverty trap” (Whitehead, Dahlgren, & Evans, 2001) may actually undermine the potential for future economic growth. The G20, a Brookings report notes, “has eclipsed as the primary forum for financial diplomacy” , a sentiment echoed by Obama, who called the G20 the “premier forum for global economic coordination.” It remains to be seen, however, whether the G20 can achieve similar success in the realm of security cooperation. Mexico hosted the first meeting of G20 foreign ministers in February 2012.

Conceived in 1973 as a forum for world leaders, the G8 has, for the most part, been replaced by the G20 forum since about 2008. Member states’ failure to deliver on ambitious commitments has been the subject of much criticism, but in recent years, external actors bringing attention to the problem of noncompliance have made accountability a critical part of the G8 agenda. “The G8—the governments themselves—have become increasingly aware of the cynicism that attends to G8 commitments and whether they’re actually delivered upon,” Patrick says, citing the importance of pressure from civil society.

Some of the above-mentioned member states have other external territories dependent on them. These are not independent states, but they do have some economic and political autonomy. From 1998 to 2014, the G8 countries were an alliance of the eight leading industrial nations. The alliance, also known as the “Group of Eight”, emerged from the G7 states, to which Russia also joined in 1998.

China now has the third largest economy and Brazil and Spain have overtaken Canada. Demonstrations necessitate large expenditures for security, another source of critical remarks. The price tag for the recent summit meeting in Toronto was $1.1 billion, 90% of that figure devoted to security measures. The forum enables presidents and prime ministers, as well as their finance and foreign ministers, to candidly discuss pressing international issues. Its small and static membership, however, excludes emerging powers from important talks concerning the global economy and international security, and as an informal grouping, states have little leverage over other members with which to secure compliance on agreements beyond imposing reputational costs.

By Bobella

I'm a twenty-something freelance writer and designer who lives in Memphis, TN with my husband, cat, and chinchilla. I require coffee and the internet to live.